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Digital design studio Superposition has developed the visualisation in partnership with Amnesty International, as part of its “Ban The Scan” campaign.
Netherlands-based studio Superposition has designed an interactive data visualisation for Amnesty International, which lays bare the level of facial recognition technology (FRT) present in New York City.

Amnesty International believes FRT “violates the right to privacy” and is actively campaigning against the technology with its Ban The Scan campaign. The organisation says that its research into FRT shows that facial recognition for mass surveillance enables “racist policing”.

It uses the 2020 Black Lives Matter protests as a core example – FRT was used at protest sites to identify, track and harass people exercising their right to freedom of assembly, according to the human rights organisation.



Superposition was sought out to visualise research findings from Amnesty International because of its previous work in data visualisation. The brief was to create an interactive digital experience which could detail a person’s exposure to “invasive FRT technology”, according to the studio.

“The experience needed to convey the urgency of Amnesty’s disturbing research findings and make these findings relatable to any user, and urge them to take action against FRT technology,” Superposition says.

The resulting visualisation allows users to see the extent of the issue. Users plot a walking route through the New York City map – their commute to work or a common walking route, for example – and the experience shows the different points along that journey where they come into contact with the technology.

this interactive data visualisation goes inside nyc’s “surveillance machine”

While being confronted with the amount of FRT in their local area might be worrying, Superposition stresses that the experience is not designed to be “overwhelming”.

To supplement the eye-opening experience, Superposition has designed a set of “report cards”, which encourage users to develop their own opinions on the topic of FRT.

These report cards showcase data, maps and stats in different contexts – for example, how FRT was used in disproportionate surveillance of different BLM protests.

After this, they are invited to take action by sending a letter of protest to their local council member and signing Amnesty’s global petition.

this interactive data visualisation goes inside nyc’s “surveillance machine”

When it came to actually building the web app, Superposition says it had to consider a wealth of different users.

“In order to accommodate as broad an audience as possible, we designed the app to suit perfectly to a researcher using a desktop and a hiker using their phone,” the studio says.

This was achieved in part by using custom vector-based map tiles and rendering technology to keep the web-app size low.

A core colour palette of red and black has been used throughout, with accents of yellow – Amnesty International’s core brand colour.

this interactive data visualisation goes inside nyc’s “surveillance machine”
Superposition’s data visualisation is the latest in a lengthy history of designers using their craft to protest racial injustice. In 2020, Design Week covered several projects dedicated to using design for good.

In July 2020, Vitamin London developed a typeface out of the protest placards found at BLM protests, while other designers used their graphics skills to garner support via social media.

this interactive data visualisation goes inside nyc’s “surveillance machine”

You can try out the app on Amnesty International’s website.
Complex subject with more than one outcome and a bit of a conflict for me as a supporter of Amnesty International. The main graphic on this piece reminded me of the opening credits of the TV series ‘Person of interest’ and the representation of this type of technology in film goes back to Minority Report. Worth remembering the reality of its application and that after the 2011 riots in the UK around 3,500 looters and rioters were convicted as a result of the police using Facebook’s facial recognition technology. The use of this surveillance technology depends as ever on whose control it is under.


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